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Hydrogen sulfide (EHC 19, 1981)
Hydrogen Sulfide (Cicads 53, 2003)
Summary: ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CRITERIA FOR HYDROGEN SULFIDE A WHO Task Group on Environmental Health Criteria for Hydrogen Sulfide met in Geneva from 24 to 28 March 1980. Such massive exposures to hydrogen sulfide have resulted either from leaks in industrial gas streams containing high levels of hydrogen sulfide or from the slow, insidious accumulation of hydrogen sulfide in low-lying areas. Acute hydrogen sulfide intoxication can be defined as the effects from a single exposure to massive ...
The Nordic Expert Group for Criteria documentation of Health Risks from Chemicals and The Dutch Expert Committee on Occupational Standards, NR 2001:14 (KemI-Riskline)
Summary: Short-term inhalation exposure to high concentrations of hydrogen sulfide causes health effects in many systems; reported health effects in humans following exposure to hydrogen sulfide include death and respiratory, ocular, neurological, cardiovascular, metabolic, and reproductive effects. In wastewater, concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (as sulfide sulfur) ranging from 3.1 to 5.1 mg/litre were reported (Parvinen & Lajunen, 1994). At physiological pH, hydrogen sulfide is dissociated to the ...
Carbon disulfide (EHC 10, 1979)
Summary: This method has revealed a preceding hydrogen sulphide exposure (39). The highest thiosulphate concentration was detected 15 hours after exposure. However, eye irritation at this exposure level of H 2S seems to result from combined exposures, in particular with CS 2. There is one report of respiratory effects in asthmatic persons exposed to 2 ppm H 2S (3 mg/m 3 ). 18 12.1 Single / short term exposures to hydrogen sulphide gas in animals Table 1. Some dose-effect and dose-response data for ...
Carbon Disulfide (CICADS 46, 2002)
Summary: 1.1.3 Estimation of exposure Exposure to carbon disulfide can be estimated either by direct measurement of air concentrations or by the determination of carbon disulfide metabolites in the urine of exposed individuals. 1.1.6 Carbon disulfide poisoning; evaluation of the health risk to man Carbon disulfide can cause both acute and chronic forms of poisoning. "Free" carbon disulfide denotes the fraction of carbon disulfide dissolved in body fluids and "bound" carbon disulfide, the fraction that...
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (WHO Food Additives Series 59)
Summary: In experimental animals, carbon disulfide is embryotoxic and fetotoxic at high concentrations and causes terata at exposure levels toxic to the dam. Carbon disulfide (also known as carbon disulphide, carbon bisulfide, carbon sulfide, and dithiocarbonic anhydride) is a clear, colourless or faintly yellow, mobile liquid at room temperature. This particular strain was able to hydrolytically oxidize carbon disulfide sequentially to carbonyl sulfide and hydrogen sulfide; all the carbon was ...
Petroleum products, selected (EHC 20, 1982)
Summary: Safety evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants Prepared by the Sixty-eighth meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) WHO FOOD ADDITIVES SERIES: 59 IPCS_International Programme on Chemical Safety World Health Organization, Geneva, 2008 WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Safety evaluation of certain food additives / prepared by the sixty-eighth meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JEFCA). JECFA serves as a ...
Sodium sulfate (Screening Information Data Set - SIDs)
Summary: Clinical studies 184.108.40.206 Effects of dermal exposure 220.127.116.11 Effects of inhalation 18.104.22.168 Effects of ingestion 4. LUBRICATING BASE OILS AND RELATED OILS, GREASES, AND WAXES 4.1. Paraffinic crude oils provide large amounts of paraffinic hydrocarbons, paraffin wax, and high grade oils, while asphaltic crude oils province more cycloparaffins and high viscosity lubricating oils. Both types of skin disease occur more frequently in professions using products derived from base oils, especially ...
Dithiocarbamates pesticides, ethylenethiourea, and propylenethiourea: a general introduction (EHC 78, 1988)
Summary: Stability in Water In water sodium sulfate completely dissociates into sodium and sulfate ions. OECD SIDS SODIUM SULFATE UNEP PUBLICATIONS 19 Table: 6: Repeated dose toxicity studies with sodium sulfate (continued) Ref. OECD SIDS SODIUM SULFATE UNEP PUBLICATIONS 25 Developmental Toxicity Table 9 Developmental toxicity/teratogenicity studies with sodium sulfate Ref.
Antidotes for Poisoning by Cyanide
Summary: CONTENTS ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CRITERIA FOR DITHIOCARBAMATE PESTICIDES, ETHYLENETHIOUREA (ETU), AND PROPYLENETHIOUREA (PTU) - A GENERAL INTRODUCTION A. DITHIOCARBAMATE PESTICIDES: A GENERAL INTRODUCTION B. ETHYLENETHIOUREA (ETU) AND PROPYLENETHIOUREA (PTU) PREVIOUS EVALUATIONS BY INTERNATIONAL BODIES REFERENCES ANNEX I NAMES AND STRUCTURES OF SELECTED DITHIOCARBAMATES ANNEX II NAMES AND STRUCTURES OF DEGRADATION PRODUCTS OF ETHYLENE BISDITHIOCARBAMATES ANNEX III DITHIOCARBAMATES AND ETU: JMPR ...
Summary: Antidotal treatment 22.214.171.124 Oxygen 126.96.36.199 Sodium thiosulfate 188.8.131.52 Amyl nitrite 184.108.40.206 Sodium nitrite 220.127.116.11 4-Dimethylaminophenol 18.104.22.168 Hydroxocobalamin 22.214.171.124 Dicobalt edetate 126.96.36.199 Antidotes to methaemoglobin-forming agents 1.10. They suggested using a combination of amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite and sodium thiosulfate, the latter compound serving as a sulfur donor for rhodanese (thiosulfate sulfur transferase).
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